I am in the somewhat painful process of learning how to use Ubuntu to do the things I already know how to do in windows. Why? I hear you ask well to put it simply I like the Ubuntu philosophy and everytime I choose Ubuntu over windows for a new Pc it saves me £80 (often referred to as the windows tax), naturally I still spend the £80 but I get better hardware . The following notes are all along the lines of, I used to do X on windows how do I do it on Ubuntu?
How do I Browse the Web?
Ubuntu ships with Firefox but you can also install Chrome by visiting the chrome website.
How do I get to a command prompt on Ubuntu?
First of all cmd prompt in Ubuntu speak is called Terminal, click the Applications icon on the launcher and type Terminal then press enter or click the icon.
How do I get network adapter settings on Ubuntu?
In windows you would use the ipconfig command in Ubuntu use ifconfig.
How do I edit a text file on Ubuntu?
Ubuntu's notepad equivalent is gedit. Open a Terminal window and type: gedit or run gedit from the Applications icon in the launcher. I'm sure there are countless applications that can edit text files but gedit is the built in editor.
How do I remote desktop from Ubuntu to windows?
You need a program called rdesktop to get this open Terminal and type the following:
sudo apt-get install rdesktop
You will be prompted to enter your root password (the one you entered during the ubuntu installation) then either the rdesktop program will be installed or if it is already present updated. Then to launch the program type the following and substitute the hostname or ip address (leave out the < >)
$ rdesktop <enter_hostname_or_ip_address_here>
More details can be found here
How do I connect to an FTP server on Ubuntu?
Again this post is written from the point of view of a windows user, this may not be the best way to use FTP on ubuntu but it should be a familiar way for windows users.
First install FileZilla, to do this click on the "Ubuntu Software Centre" icon in the launcher. In the search box type: FileZilla the press enter, then click install. Open filezilla by opening a Terminal windows and typing: filezilla or by using the Applications icon on the launcher.
How do I make a program icon stay on the launcher?
Easy, when the program has started right click on it's icon in the launcher and click "Keep in launcher".
How do I connect to Windows Home Server from Ubuntu?
You can use an application called rdesktop see "How do I remote desktop from Ubuntu to windows?" above.
You can also connect to network shares (shared folders) see here for details, the example talks about windows home server but I believe it should work for other servers as well.
How do I easily share files between Ubuntu and Windows machines?
In one word Dropbox, to install dropbox on Ubuntu visit the website and download the client. You will need to do the same for your windows machines. Dropbox comes with 2GB of free space if you need more you'll have to pay a subscription.
How do I connect to a Cisco VPN on Ubuntu?
Install ShrewSoft VPN, click the application icon in the launcher and type Shrewsoft into the search box and press enter then click install. Import your Cisco VPN profiles and you are good to go.
How do I install spotify on Ubuntu?
Open a terminal window (see "How do I get a command prompt on Ubuntu?" above) then
type the following to edit your sources.list file:
sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list
Add these two lines to the bottom of the file:
## Spotify deb http://repository.spotify.com stable non-free
Click Save then close gedit.
Go back to the Terminal window and type:
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys 4E9CFF4E sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install spotify-client-qt
These instructions may change so check the Spotify website if you have problems link